National Museum of History, Boyana Church Branch - Sofia
Boyana Church of St. Nicholas and St. Pantaleimon is situated at the foot of Vitosha Mountain, in Boyana Housing Estate in Sofia. It is one of the few medieval monuments of Christian art that have survived until the present day.
The church is one of the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria and was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1979.
It was built in three stages: first stage – 11th century, second stage – mid-13th century, and third stage - mid-19th century.
The eastern part of the church is a small single-apsed, cross-in-square building with built-in supports that form a cross. The first layer of wall-paintings that covered the entire eastern part of the temple dates as far back as the 12th century. The second two-storey part of the church that belongs to the two-floor tomb-church type was built in the 13th century thanks to a donation made by Sebastocrator Kaloyan and his wife Desislava, who ruled the Sofia (Sredets) Region during that period. According to the ktitor inscription the church was redecorated in 1259. Zografs (painters) Vasilie and Dimiter, whose names were revealed during restoration works, put a new layer of wall-paintings over the first one in the old part of the church and also decorated the two levels of the new part of the church.
Boyana Church owes its global fame mainly to the wall-paintings of 1259 which demonstrate the exceptional achievements of the Bulgarian medieval culture. Each of more than 240 figures depicted in the church has unique individuality and high artistic value. The portraits of ktitors Sebastocrator Kaloyan and his wife Desislava, and Constantine Tikh Asen (who ruled in the period 1257 - 1277) and Tsaritsa Irene are some of the oldest pictures of historical figures that have been preserved to this day. 18 scenes in the narthex including elements from the everyday lives of the painters’ contemporaries depict the life of St. Nicholas – one of the temple’s patron saints. The oldest surviving portrait of St. Ivan of Rila, the Bulgarian national saint who lived in the 10th century and who established Rila Monastery, can be found among the pictures of other saints in the church. The portrait of St. Ephrem the Syrian, whose all-seeing eyes follow the visitors everywhere, can also be seen among the pictures of monks and hermits.
Cards, books, CDs, DVDs, souvenirs and information materials about Boyana Church and other tourist attractions are sold at the souvenir shop of the church. Taking photographs inside the church is forbidden.
|National Museum of History, Boyana Church Branch - Sofia|
November - March
every day from 9.00 am to 5.30 pm
(the ticket office closes at 5.00 pm)
April - October
9.00 am – 6.00 pm
(the ticket office closes at 5.30 pm)
Closed on 24 and 25 December, 1 January.
Reservations for groups must be made in advance.
Individual visitors – BGN 10
Students – BGN 2
Boyana Church – National Museum of History – BGN 12.
Boyana Church – National Museum of History – Zemen Monastery – BGN 14.
Groups of more than 10 people – BGN 8 per person
Free admission for: People with disabilities and children under 7 years of age.
Lectures in Bulgarian – BGN 5
Lectures in English, German, French, and Russian – BGN 10
|RECOMMENDED TO SEE||All|
National History Museum – Sofia City
The National History Museum is one of the largest and richest history museums on the Balkan Peninsula. More than 700,000 cultural monuments ...
Night of Museums and Galleries
The international day of museums has been celebrated every year on 18 May since 1978 to the present day by the decision of the International ...
Dragalevski Monastery “St. Mary”.
Near the Dragalevtsi residential area of Sofia, about 1.5 kilometers southwest is the Dragalevski monastery “St. Mary of Vitosha”. It ...
National Museum “Earth and Man” in the city of Sofia
The National Museum “Earth and Man” is located in downtown Sofia. The museum opened in 1987. In its area of 5,500 square meters visitors ...
International Music Festival “Music Weeks in Sofia” – Region: Sofia City
The International Music Festival “Music Weeks in Sofia” presents to the Bulgarian audience the most significant of the global and ...